专业四级考前恶补--语法词汇 1

发布者:系统管理员发布时间:2008-09-05浏览次数:757

1. Although �______� Spanish, he attended the course.�
  A. he was knowing      B. he is knowing�
  C. having a knowledge of  D. knows�
  2. You �______�that letter to James. However, you didn’t.�
  A. ought to write        B. ought to have written�
  C. should write D. should be writing�
  3. Joseph was very lucky �______� with his life; he almost did not get out of the room.�
  A. to escape  B. to have escaped�
  C. to escaping  D. to be escaping�
  4. Bread and butter �______�liked by Westerners.�
  A. is      B. are      C. were    D. be�
  5. The back garden of our house contains a lawn, �______�
  very pleasant to sit on in summer.�
  A. which is  B. which it is  C. it is  D.  where it is�
  6. He set up in business �______� his own and was very successful.�
  A. in  B.  of  C.  on  D. by�
  7. John’s score on the test is the highest in the class; he �______�
  last night.�
  A. must study  B. should have studied�
  C. must have studied  D. is sure to study�
  8. Frank almost never received any education, �______�?
  A. would he  B. did he�
  C. didn’t he  D. wouldn’t he�
  9.  Even if his letter �______� tomorrow, it �______�
  too late to do anything.�
  A.  will arrive...is  B.  should arrive...were�
  C.  arrives...will be  D.  arrives...would be�
  10. We can hear  �______�from the back of the room.�
  A. just as good  B.  just as easy  �
  C.  just as well  D.  easily as well�
  11. To obtain a satisfactory result, one must apply two �______�
  of paint on a clean surface.�
  A.  coats  B. levels  C.  times  D. courses�
  12. The small mountain village was �______� by the snow
  for more than one month.�
  A. cut back  B.  cut out�
  C.  cut off  D. cut away�
  13.  Miss Green was �______� $100 for driving after drinking.�
  A. fined  B.  charged  C.  punished  D.  posed�
  14.  Modern �______� perhaps causes more problems than it solves.�
  A. technique B.  technology�
  C. tactics D.  tendency�
  15. Mary tiptoed over and took the clock away because she hated to hear
  it �______� when she was trying to go to  sleep.�
  A. sounding  B. ringing  C. ticking  D. humming�
  16. Under this �______� pressure some of the rocks even
  became liquid.�
  A. intensive  B.  weighty  C.  intense  D.  bulky�
  17. Of course, most immigrants did not get rich overnight, but the �______� of them were eventually able to improve upon their former standard of living.�
  A. maximum  B.  minority  C. majority  D.  minimum�
  18. Nancy was surprised that they have �______�. They seemed to be a happy couple.�
  A. split up  B.  broken down  �
  C. fallen through  D. knocked out�
  19.  The beach is in an ideal �______� to draw tourists.�
  A. condition  B. situation  C. state  D. publicity�
  20. Our �______� sensitivity decreases with age. By age
  60, most people have lost 40 percent of their ability to  smell and 50 percent of their taste buds.�
  A. sensible  B. senseless �
  C. sensitive  D. sensory�
  21. The eldest child is thoroughly �______� because they
  always give him whatever he wants.�
  A. wasted  B. spoiled�
  C.  destroyed D.  uneducated�
  22.  If a substance is dissolved in water or heated, it may �______� a gas.�
  A. give into  B. give over�
  C. give off  D. give away�
  23. His manner was so pleasant that Bolla felt at �______� with him at once.�
  A. peace  B. large  C. ease  D. best�
  24.  ―Can you take  the day off tomorrow?�
  ―Well, I’ll have to get �______� from my boss.�
  A. permission  B. permit�
  C. allowance  D. possession�
  25. The �______� in Janet’s character has hindered her from advancement in her career.�
  A. weakness  B. merit�
  C. defect  D. shortcoming�
  �
  您的得分率为:  / 25
  试题答案与解析��
  1. C) 【句意】虽然只懂一点西班牙语,但他还是参加了这个课程的学习。�
  【难点】know是静态动词,不能用于进行时;选knows从句中又缺少主语。knowledge作“知识”讲时是不可数名词,但作“了解”讲时,前面可加“a”,常用于词组have a knowledge of中,所以选C)。�
  2. B) 【句意】你本应该给詹姆斯写信,然而,你没写。�
  【难点】ought to have written是虚拟语气,与本句句意相符。�
  3. B) 【句意】约瑟夫幸运地逃了性命;他险些没从房间里逃出来。�
  【难点】to have escaped 是不定式的完成式,表示过去的某一动作业已完成。�
  4. A) 【句意】黄油面包受西方人青睐。�
  【难点】bread and butter 是西方人吃的一种食品,虽然有三个字,表达的却是一个东西,并且是不可数名词,作单数。�
  5. A) 【句意】我家的后花园有一片草坪,夏天坐在上面会令你心旷神怡。�
  【难点】which引出非限制性定语从句,在句中作主语,且和sit on 构成动
  宾关系。类似的句子有:This room is comfortable to live in 这句中live in 和this room构成动宾关系。�
  6. C) 【句意】他独自一人开始经商,并且做得很成功。�
  【难点】on one’s own 是个常用的介词词组,意为“独自”;of one’s own表示“某人自己的(东西)”,如:I have a flat of my own.我自己有套房子。
  7. C) 【句意】约翰的考试分数全班最高;他
  昨天晚上一定学习了。�
  【难点】表示对过去某一动作行为的猜测须要用must have done这一句型结构。�
  8. B) 【句意】弗兰克几乎从未受过任何教育,是不是?�
  【难点】这是一句含有否定副词never的一般过去时的句子,由于主句为
  否定形式,所以反意问句用肯定形式。�
  9. C) 【句意】即使他的信明天到也无济于事了。�
  【难点】在条件句中表示现在将来的时间,需要用一般现在时,主句中使
  用将来时。�
  10. C) 【句意】我们在房间的后面也能听得很清楚。�
  【难点】as well意为“(程度)同样地好”,是副词短语修饰动词hear;just表示程度,意为“刚好”。�
  11. A) 【句意】为获得一个满意的结果,你必
  须在一个干净的表面上涂两层油漆。�
  【难点】coat意为“覆盖物,层”;level意为“(建筑物)楼层”;times意
  为“次,回”;courses意为“(一层)砖面;一排”。�
  12. C) 【句意】这个小山村被大雪封住达一个多月。�
  【难点】cut back意为“削减;缩减”;cut out意为“停止;切下”;cut
  off意为“切断;使隔断”;cut away意为“切除;砍掉”。�
  13. A) 【句意】格林小姐因酒后驾车被罚100美元。�
  【难点】fine意为“处…以罚金”;charge意为“要(价),收(费),要(人)支付(钱)”;punish意为“罚,惩罚”;pose意为“造成,引起(困难)”。�
  14. B) 【句意】现代技术所引发的问题也许比
  它所能解决的要多。�
  【难点】technique意为“技法;具体的技术”;technology意为“工业技术”;tactics意为“战术,兵法,策略”;tendency意为“倾向”。�
  15. C) 【句意】玛丽蹑手蹑脚走过来把钟拿走
  了,因为她讨厌在自己想睡觉的时候听它滴哒地响。�
  【难点】sound意为“作声,发声,响”;ring意为“鸣,发出清脆响亮的声音”;tick
  意为“发出滴哒声”;hum意为“发连续低沉的声音(如蜜蜂、马达的嗡嗡声)”。�
  16. C) 【句意】在这种强大的压力下,一些岩
  石甚至变成了液体。�
  【难点】intensive意为“加强的;集中的”;weighty意为“沉重的;笨
  重的”;intense意为“强烈的,剧烈的”;bulky意为“庞大的;粗壮的”。�
  17. C) 【句意】当然,大多数移民不是一夜之
  间就发财的,但是他们大多最终改善了自己的生活水平。�
  【难点】maximum意为“最大限量;最高点”;minority意为“少数,半数
  以下”;majority意为“大多数”;minimum意为“最低限度,最低点”。�
  18. A) 【句意】南希对他们的离婚表示十分惊讶,因为他们似乎是一对快乐的夫妇。�
  【难点】split up意为“分裂,离婚”;break down意为“(精神方面)垮
  掉;(健康)变得
  衰弱;崩溃”;fall through意为“失败;成为泡影”;knock out意为“使筋疲力尽”。�
  19. B) 【句意】这片海滩所处位置理想,吸引了很多游客。�
  【难点】condition意为“状况;形势”;situation意为“位置,地点,
  环境”;state意为“状态,情形”;publicity意为“公众的注意,名声”。�
  20. D) 【句意】我们的感官能力随着年龄的增
  长而下降。比如说,到60岁的时候,多数人失去了他们40%的嗅觉能力和50%的味觉能力。�
  【难点】sensible意为“明智的,合情理的”;senseless意为“失去知觉
  的,不省人事的”;sensitive意为“敏感的”;sensory意为“感觉的,传递感觉的”。�
  21. B) 【句意】他们的大孩子被彻底宠坏了,因为他要什么,他们就给什么。�
  【难点】waste意为“使衰弱;使消瘦”;spoil意为“宠坏,溺爱”;destroy意为“破坏;毁灭”;uneducated意为“未受(良好)教育的”。�
  22. C) 【句意】如果一种物质溶解在水里或被
  加热,它可能释放出一种气体。�
  【难点】give into为非固定搭配;give over意为“托付,交托”;give
  off意为“散发”;give away意为“送掉,分发(奖品)等”。�
  23. C) 【句意】他那平易近人的风度使得博拉立刻放松了情绪。�
  【难点】at peace意为“和平地”;at large意为“自由地;大体地”;at ease意为“不拘束”;at best意为“至多”。�
  24. A) 【句意】――你明天能休一天吗?�
  ――呵,我要征得老板的允许。�
  【难点】permission意为“允许”;permit意为“许可证”;allowance意为“津贴”;possession意为“拥有”。�
  25. C) 【句意】詹妮特的性格缺陷阻碍了她事业进步。�
  【难点】weakness意为“弱点;嗜好”;merit意为“优点,长处”;defect意为“缺点,缺陷”;shortcoming意为“缺点,短处”。