专业四级考前恶补--语法词汇 3

发布者:系统管理员发布时间:2008-09-05浏览次数:659

专业四级考前恶补--语法词汇 3
1. The bank is reported in the local newspaper �______� in broad daylight yesterday.�
  A. to be robbed    B. robbed  �
  C. to have been robbed  D. having been robbed�
  2.  �______� before, his first performance for the amateur dramatic group was a success.�
  A. Though having never acted  �
  B. As he had never acted  �
  C. Despite he had never acted  �
  D. In spite of his never having acted�
  3.  By the middle of the 21st century, the vast majority of the �world’s�
  population �______� in cities rather than in the country.�
  A. are living  B. will be living �
  C. have lived  D.  will have lived�
  4.  Mr. Milton prefers to resign �______� part in such dish
  onest business deals.�
  A. than take B.  than to take  �
  C. rather than take  D. rather than to take�
  5.  No one would have time to read or listen to an account of everything �______� going on in the world.�
  A. it is B.  as is    C.  there is    D.  what is�
  6.  There is a real possibility that these animals could be frightened, �_____� a sudden loud noise.�
  A. being there  B.  should there be  �
  C.  there was    D. there have been�
  7.  Bit by bit , a child makes the necessary changes to make his language �______�.�
  A. as other people  B.  as other people’s  �
  C.  like other people    D.  like other people’s�
  8.  Clothing made of plastic fibres has certain advantages over �______�
  made of natural fibres like cotton, wool, or silk.�
  A. one    B.  the one    C.  that    D.  what�
  9.  The treasury issued an order stating that �______� lan
  d purchased from the government had to be paid for in gold and silver.�
  A. henceforth  B.  moreover  C. whereby  D.  however�
  10.  The students expected there �______� more reviewing classes before the final exams.�
  A. is    B.  being  C. have been    D.  to be�
  11.  It was during summer breaks that we first taste the satisfaction work that �______� into hard currency.�
  A. translates    B. transfers  �
  C. transplants  D. transmits�
  12.  In some cases, your instructor may tell you the topics �______�
  or may give you a choice of topics to write about.�
  A. in advance    B. ahead of    C. above all D. right away
  �
  13.  It was the driver’s �______� that caused him to step
  on the gas instead of the brake after his car went over the curb.�
  A. fraud    B. alarm  C. terror  D. panic�
  14.  Danny left this �______� message on my answering machine:
  “I must see you. Meet me at twelve o’clock.” Did he mean noon or midnight?�
  A. ambiguous  B.  responsible�
  C. implicit  D. thoughtful�
  15.  We looked for a table to sit down, but they were all �______�.�
  A.  reserved for    B. engaged in  �
  C. used up  D. taken up�
  16.    She will have to find somewhere else to work, for she can’t �______� this loud noise any longer.�
  A. come up with    B. catch up with  �
  C. keep up with  D. put up with�
  17.  Tom �______� his new job with confidence.�
  A. set out    B. set off  C. set up    D. set about�
  18.  The truck driver was fined for exceeding the speed �______�.�
  A. range  B. limit  C. rule  D. regulation�
  19.  The crippled Jack proudly walked with a �______� to the platform to join the children.�
  A. jump B. limp    C. hop  D. jog�
  20.  He cannot �______� a car, for he does not earn much money.�
  A. obtain    B. afford  C. donate    D. consume�
  21.  The message is clear: Just as tea and banana cant’t go together, �_________� should the son of a low�class family expect to marry the daughter of a nobleman.�
  A. either    B.  not  C. neither  D. nor�
  22.  Though �______� rich, she was better off than at any
  other period in her life.�
  A. by means of    B. within her means  �
  C. by all means  D. by no means�
  23.  It is a(n) �______� attitude to take towards life.�
  A. absurd    B. silly  C. stupid    D. authentic�
  24.  Every year, one student in our high school wins a scholarship that �______� one year of college.�
  A. improves    B. subsidizes  C. obliges  D. inflicts�
  25.  He wrote the book in �______� with his wife.�
  A. proportion    B. installment  �
  C. correspondence D. collaboration�
  �
  您的得分率为:  / 25
  试题答案与解析��
  1. C) 【句意】据当地报纸报道,那家银行昨天在光天化日下遭到抢劫。�
  【难点】动词不定式的完成式做主语的补足语,说明不定式的行为发生在谓语动作之前。�
  2. D) 【句意】虽然他以前从未表演过,但他
  为业余剧团做的首次表演还是很成功。�
  【难点】in spite of意为“尽管,虽然”,后接名词或名词性短语,引导出来状语。选项A
  )没有主语或逻辑主语,选项B)是原因状语从句,选项C)的despite不能引导状语从句,因为
  它是介词。�
  3. B) 【句意】到二十一世纪中叶,世界上大
  多数人口将生活在城市而不是农村。�
  【难点】因为时间状语by the middle of the 21st century指的是将来
  ,所以选将来进行时。�
  4. C) 【句意】米尔先生宁愿辞职也不参加这
  种不诚实的商业交易。�
  【难点】prefer意为“宁愿”,其后接名词或动词不定式;prefer to do
  sth. r
  ather than do sth.意为“宁愿…而不愿…”,rather than后接不带to的不定式。�
  5. C) 【句意】大家都没有时间去读或去听有
  关世界上正在发生的一切事件的描述。�
  【难点】在以there be为谓语动词的定语从句中,如关系代词作主语,则
  关系代词便可省略。�
  6. B) 【句意】如果突然出现巨大的噪音,这
  些动物真的有可能受到惊吓。�
  【难点】该句是一个省略if的倒装的虚拟条件句,可还原为“if there should be...”。�
  7. D) 【句意】一点一点地,儿童就会将自己
  的语言作些必要的修改,而使之与他人的语言相像。�
  【难点】as和like都可以表示“像…一样”,但as是连词,后跟从句,like是介词,后跟名词或名词性短语。�
  8. C) 【句意】用塑料纤维制成的衣服比用棉
  花、羊毛或丝绸等天然纤维制成的衣服有些优势。�
  【难点】clothing是衣服、被褥的总称,不能用one或the one来指代。wh
  at相当于“先行词+that”,后边要接从句。所以只能用that指代clothing。�
  9. A) 【句意】财政部发布命令,从即日起,
  向政府购买土地须以金、银支付。�
  【难点】henceforth意为“从今以后”,符合题意要求。
  �
  10. D) 【句意】学生们期望期末考试前能有更
  多的复习课。�
  【难点】动词expect后必须接动词不定式作其宾语,因此,只有D)为正确。�
  11. A) 【句意】暑假期间,我们第一次尝到了
  把劳动变成货币的滋味。�
  【难点】translate意为“变换,把…转化成”;transfer意为“移交,
  迁移”;transplant意为“移植(器官)”;transmit意为“传染(疾病),传达(知识)”。�
  12. A) 【句意】在有些情况下,你的导师会事
  先告诉你题目或把题目给你由你选写。�
  【难点】in advance意为“事先,预先”;ahead of意为“�在…�之前
  ”;above all意为“尤其,最重要的是”;right away意为“立刻;马上”。�
  13. D) 【句意】车上了马路边后,司机由于惊
  慌,没踩刹车,却踩了油门。�
  【难点】panic意为“惊慌,慌乱”;fraud意为“欺骗,骗局”;alarm
  意为“警报”;terror意为“恐怖”。�
  14. A) 【句意】丹尼在我们回答机上留下一条
  模棱两可的信息:“我必须见你。12点来接我。”他是说中午还是半夜?�
  【难点】ambiguous意为“模棱两可的;含糊的”;responsible意为“负
  责的”;implicit意为“暗含的”;thoughtful意为“沉思的,思考的”。�
  15. D) 【句意】我们要找个桌子坐下,可是所
  有餐桌都已有人。�
  【难点】take up意为“占去(时间、地方、注意力等)”;reserve for意
  为“为…留
  出,保留”;engage in意为“从事;参加”;use up意为“用完,用光;耗尽”。�
  16. D) 【句意】她将不得不去别处找工作,因
  为她再也不能忍受这么大的噪音。�
  【难点】put up with意为“忍受,容忍”;come up with意为“(针对问
  题、挑战)提出,想
  出”;catch up with意为“赶上”;keep up with意为“跟上(人、潮流、形势等)”。�
  17. D) 【句意】汤姆满怀信心地投入新的工作。�
  【难点】set about意为“开始;着手”;set out意为“开始”,常与as
  , in, on连用;set off意为“(使)做某事”;set up意为“开业,开始经商”。�
  18. B) 【句意】卡车司机因超速而被罚款。�
  【难点】limit意为“限制;界限”;range意为“(知识、知觉、听觉等
  的)范围
  ”;regulation意为“规定,规则”;rule和regulation是近义词,意为“规定,规章”。
  �
  19. B) 【句意】跛脚的杰克充满自豪,一颠一
  跛地走上台,加入孩子们的行列。�
  【难点】limp意为“跛行”;jump意为“跳,跃”;hop意为“(人们)单
  足跳”;jog意为“慢跑;缓行”。�
  20. B) 【句意】他买不起小汽车,因为他挣钱
  不多。�
  【难点】afford意为“买得起”;obtain意为“得到,获得”;donate意
  为“捐,赠”;consume意为“消耗,耗尽”。�
  21. C) 【句意】这是明摆着的事:就像茶叶和
  香蕉不相搭配一样,下层阶级家庭的儿子也不可能指望娶一个贵族的女儿。�
  【难点】neither用于否定句之后,意为“…亦不…”;either用于否定
  句,意为“(二者之
  中的)任何一方�都(不)…”�;nor意为“…也不…(置于否定句之后)”;not在本句中说
  不通。�
  22. D) 【句意】虽谈不上有钱,但她目前的境
  况比以往任何时候都要好。�
  【难点】by no means意为“一点也不…”;by means of意为“用,依靠
  ”;within one’s means不是固定短语;by all means意为“无论如何,务必”。�
  23. A) 【句意】这是一种荒唐的生活态度。�
  【难点】absurd意为“荒唐的;滑稽可笑的”;silly意为“
  傻的;愚蠢的”;stupid意为“笨的,麻木的”;authentic意为“可靠的;真诚的;真的”�
  24. B) 【句意】每年,我们学校会有一名同学
  获得一笔奖学金作为一年的大学生活补贴。�
  【难点】subsidize意为“给…津贴;资助”;improve意为“改进,改善
  ”;oblige意为“施恩惠于,帮…忙”;inflict意为“予以(打击);使遭受(损伤,苦痛等)”。�
  25. D) 【句意】他和妻子合作写了一本书。�
  【难点】collaboration意为“合作;协作”,in collaboration with为
  固定搭配;proportion意为“比例”;installment意为“分期付款”;correspondence意为“符合;一致”。